Photo of Reuben Kraft

Reuben Kraft

Assistant Professor

Affiliation(s):

  • Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

320 Leonhard Building

rhk12@psu.edu

814-867-4570

Personal or Departmental Website

Research Areas:

Biomechanics and Bioengineering, Mechanical Sciences

Interest Areas:

Computational solid mechanics, finite element analysis, numerical modeling, blast physics, high performance computing

 
 

 

Education

  • BS, Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC), 2003
  • MS, Mechanical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 2006
  • Ph D, Mechanical Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 2008
  • Post-Doctoral, Mechanics, U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 2009

Publications

Book, Chapters

  • Reuben H Kraft, R A Fielding, Kevin Lister, Allen Shirley, Tim Marler, Andrew C. Merkle, Andrzej J. Przekwas, X G Tan and Xianlian Zhou, 2016, Modeling skeletal injuries in military scenarios, Springer Berlin Heidelberg
  • J D Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals, John Wiley & Sons

Journal Articles

  • Shruti Motiwale, Adhitya V. Subramani, Alex Zhou and R H Kraft, 2018, "A non-linear multi-axial fatigue damage model for the cervical intervertebral disc annulus", Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 10, (6)
  • Allison Ranslow, Ziwen Fang, Patricia De Tomas, Allan Gunnarsson, Tusit Weerasooriya, Sikhanda Satapathy, Kimberly A. Thompson and R H Kraft, 2018, "The multiaxial failure response of porcine trabecular skull bone estimated using microstructural simulations", ASME Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 140, (10)
  • Anjali V Dhobale, Oladayo Adewole, Andy Chan, Toma Marinov, Mijail Serruya, Reuben H Kraft and D. Kacy Cullen, 2018, "Assessing functional connectivity across 3D tissue engineered axonal tracts using calcium fluorescence imaging.", Journal of Neural Engineering, 15, (5)
  • Harsha T Garimella, Reuben H Kraft and Andrzej J Przekwas, 2018, "Do blast-induced skull flexures result in axonal deformation?", PLOS One, 13, (3)
  • Mijail D. Serruya, James P. Harris, Dayo O. Adewole, Laura A. Struzyna, Justin C. Burrell, Ashley Nemes, Dmitriy Petrov, Reuben H Kraft, H. Isaac Chen, John A. Wolf and D. Kacy Cullen, 2017, "Engineered axonal tracts as "living electrodes" for synaptic-based modulation of neural circuitry", Advanced Functional Materials, pp. 1701183–n/a
  • Harsha T Garimella and Reuben H Kraft, 2017, "A new computational approach for modeling diffusion tractography in the brain", Journal of Neural Regeneration Research, 12, (1)
  • H T Garimella and R H Kraft, 2016, "Modeling the mechanics of axonal fiber tracts using the embedded finite element method", International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, 33, (5), pp. 1–21
  • R A Fielding, A J Przekwas, X G Tan and R H Kraft, 2015, "Development of a lower extremity model for high strain rate impact loading", International Journal of Experimental and Computational Biomechanics, 3, (2), pp. 161-186
  • C X Lee, J T Richtsmeier and R H Kraft, 2015, "A Computational Analysis of Bone Formation in the Cranial Vault in the Mouse", Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology, 3, (24)
  • Jeffrey J. Swab, Jason Tice, Andrew A. Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2014, "Fracture toughness of advanced structural ceramics: Applying ASTM C1421", Journal of the American Ceramic Society, pp. pp. 1-9
  • J D Clayton, Reuben H Kraft and R B Leavy, 2012, "Mesoscale modeling of nonlinear elasticity and fracture in ceramic polycrystals under dynamic shear and compression", Journal of Solids and Structures, 49, (18), pp. 6
  • Reuben H Kraft, P J Mckee, A M Dagro and S T Grafton, 2012, "Combining the finite element method with structural connectome-based analysis for modeling neurotrauma: Connectome neurotrauma mechanics", PLoS Computational Biology, 8, (8), pp. e1002619
  • Reuben H Kraft and J F Molinari, 2008, "A statistical investigation of the effects of grain boundary properties on transgranular fracture", Acta Materialia, 56, (17), pp. 10
  • Reuben H Kraft, J F Molinari, K T Ramesh and D W Warner, 2008, "Computational micromechanics of dynamic compressive loading of a brittle polycrystalline material using a distribution of grain boundary properties", The Journal of Mechanics and Physics of Solids, 56, pp. 23
  • Andrzej J Przekwas, X. Gary Tan, Z J Chen, Yuyang Miao, Vincent Harrand, Harsha T Garimella, Reuben H Kraft and Raj K. Gupta, , "Biomechanics of blast TBI with time resolved consecutive primary, secondary and tertiary loads", Military Medicine

Conference Proceedings

  • Shruti Motiwale, Vikram V Subramani, Xianlian Zhou and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "Damage prediction for a cervical spine intervertebral disc", Proceedings of the 2016 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2016-67711)
  • Ziwen Fang, A N Ranslow and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "Computational micromechanics of trabecular porcine skull bone using the material point method.", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2016-67748), pp. V003T04A044; 9 pages
  • A N Ranslow, Reuben H Kraft, Ryan Shannon, Patricia De Tomas-Medina, R Radovitsky, Aurelie Jean, Martin Pierre Hautefeuille, Brian Fagan, Kimberly A. Ziegler, Tusit Weerasooriya, Ann Mae Dileonardi, Allan Gunnarsson and Sikhanda Satapathy, 2016, "Microstructural analysis of porcine skull bone subjected to impact loading", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2015-51979), pp. V003T03A057; 10 pages
  • Allison N Ranslow and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "The development of a “fuzzy” yield envelope for trabecular porcine skull bone using numerical simulations", Proceedings of the 2016 Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering and Biotransport Conference (SB3C2016)
  • Chanyoung Lee and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "A coupled reaction-diffusion-strain model for bone growth in the cranial vault", Proceedings of the 2016 Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering and Biotransport Conference (SB3C2016)
  • S Motiwale, W Eppler, D Hollingsworth, C Hollingsworth, J Morgenthau and Reuben H Kraft, 2016, "Application of neural networks for filtering non-impact transients recorded from biomechanical sensors", IEEE, pp. 204 - 207
  • Andy Ho Wing Chan, Anjali Dhobale, Oladayo Adewole, Toma Marinov, Reuben H Kraft, D Kacy Cullen and Mijail Serruya, 2016, "Analysis of spontaneous calcium signals to infer functional connectivity within a novel “living electrode” neural construct", Proceedings of IEEE, pp. 1–2
  • Sai N Reddy, R A Fielding, Michael J Robinson and Reuben H Kraft, 2015, "A computational study of fracture in the calcaneus under variable impact conditions", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2015-51984), pp. V003T03A058; 10 pages
  • Reuben H Kraft and H T Garimella, 2015, "Embedded finite elements for modeling traumatic axonal injury", Proceedings of the Summer Biomechanics, Bioengineering and Biotransport Conference (SB3C 2015)
  • Rebecca A Fielding, X G Tan, A J Przekwas, C D Kozuch and Reuben H Kraft, 2015, "High rate impact to the human calcaneus: A micromechanical analysis", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2014-38930), pp. V003T03A009, (8 pages)
  • H T Garimella, H Yaun, B D Johnson, Semyon Slobounov and Reuben H Kraft, 2014, "Anisotropic constitutive model of human brain with intravoxel heterogeneity of fiber orientation using diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI)", Proceedings of the 2014 American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, Volume 3: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering, (IMECE2014-39107), pp. V003T03A011; 9 pages
  • Chanyoung Lee, Joan T Richtsmeier and Reuben H Kraft, 2014, "A multiscale computational model for the growth of the cranial vault in craniosynostosis", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, (IMECE2014-38728), pp. V009T12A061; 6 pages
  • A R Makwana, A. R. Krishna, Hao Yuan, Reuben H Kraft, X Zhou, A J Przekwas and P Whitley, 2014, "Towards a micromechanical model of intervertebral disc degeneration under cyclic loading", Proceedings of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Congress and Exposition, (IMECE2014-39174), pp. V003T03A012; 7 pages
  • R A Fielding, Reuben H Kraft, Timothy M Ryan and T D Stecko, 2014, "A micromechanics-based simulation of calcaneus fracture and fragmentation due to impact loading", Proceedings of the 11th World Congress on Computational Mechanics (WCCM XI) 5th. European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM V) 6th. European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECFD VI)
  • J Zhang, A C Merkle, C M Carneal, R S Armiger, Reuben H Kraft, E E Ward, K A Ott, A C Wickwire, C J Dooley, T P Harrigan and J C Roberts, 2013, "Effects of torso-borne mass and loading severity on early response of the lumbar spine under high-rate vertical loading", International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury
  • Reuben H Kraft, A M Dagro, P J McKee, S T Grafton, J Vettel, K McDowell, M Vindiola and A C Merkle, 2013, "Combining the finite element method with structural network-based analysis for modeling neurotrauma", 11th International Symposium, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, pp. 4
  • Reuben H Kraft, M L Lynch and E W Vogel, 2011, "Computational failure modeling of lower extremities", NATO Human Factors and Medicine Panel, RTO-MP-HFM-207AC/323(HFM-207), (TP/412)
  • M Scheidler, J Fitzpatrick and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Optimal pulse shapes for SHPB tests on soft materials", Society for Experimental Mechanics Series, Dynamic Behavior of Materials, 1, pp. 259-268
  • J. D. Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals", Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites, 32, pp. 237-248
  • J M Vettel, D S Bassett, Reuben H Kraft and S T Grafton, 2010, "Physics-based models of brain structure connectivity informed by diffusion weighted imaging", Proceedings of the 27th Army Science Conference
  • G A Gazonas, J W McCauley, Reuben H Kraft, B M Love, J D Clayton, D Casem, D Dandekar, B Rice, I Batyrev, N S Weingarten and B E Schuster, 2010, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics: Focus on AlON", 27th Army Science Conference
  • M Scheidler and Reuben H Kraft, 2010, "Inertial effects in compression Hopkinson bar tests on soft materials", U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 1st Annual ARL Ballistic Technology Workshop
  • Reuben H Kraft, I Batyrev, S Lee, A D Rollett and B Rice, 2010, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics", Journal of the American Ceramics Society Meeting Proceedings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA, 31
  • A A Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2003, "Flexural and torsional resonances of ceramic tiles via impulse excitation of vibration", 27th Annual Conference on Advanced Ceramics and Composites: B: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 24, (4), pp. 207-213
  • A A Wereszczak and Reuben H Kraft, 2002, "Instrumented Hertzian indentation of armor ceramics", 26th Annual Conference on Composites, Advanced Ceramics, Materials, and Structures: A: Ceramic Engineering and Science Proceedings, 23, (3), pp. 11

Technical Reports

  • A M Dagro, P J McKee, R H Kraft, T G Zhang and S S Satapathy, 2013, "A preliminary investigation of traumatically induced axonal injury in a three-dimensional (3-D) finite element model (FEM) of the human head during blast-loading"
  • J Vettel, A M Dagro, S Gordon, S Kerick, Reuben H Kraft, S Luo, S Rawal, M Vindiola and K McDowell, 2012, "Brain structure-function couplings (FY11)"
  • G A Gozonas, J W McCauley, I G Batyrev, D Casem, J D Clayton, D P Dandekar, R H Kraft, B M Love, B M Rice, B E Schuster and N S Weingarten, 2011, "Multiscale modeling of armor ceramics: Focus on AlON"
  • Reuben H Kraft and S L Wozniak, 2011, "A review of computational spinal injury biomechanics research and recommendations for future efforts"
  • J D Clayton and Reuben H Kraft, 2011, "Mesoscale modeling of dynamic failure of ceramic polycrystals"
  • Reuben H Kraft and A M Dagro, 2011, "Design and implementation of a numerical technique to inform anisotropic hyperelastic finite element models using diffusion-weighted imaging"
  • Jean M Vettel, Danielle Bassett, R H Kraft and Scott Grafton, 2010, "Physics-based models of brain structure connectivity informed by diffusion-weighted imaging"
  • J J Swab, A A Wereszczak, J Tice, R Caspe, R H Kraft and J Adams, 2005, "Mechanical and thermal properties of advanced ceramics for gun barrel applications"
  • A A Wereszczak, J J Swab and R H Kraft, 2005, "Effects of machining on the uniaxial and equibiaxial flexure strength of CAP3 AD-995 Al2O3"

Other

  • Toma Marinov, Liang Yuchi, Dayo O Adewole, D. Kacy Cullen and Reuben H Kraft, 2018, "A computational model of bidirectional axonal growth in micro-tissue engineered neuronal networks (micro-TENNs)", bioRxiv
  • Harsha Teja Garimella, Ritika Menghani, Jesse I Gerber, Srikumar Sridhar and Reuben H Kraft, 2018, "Embedded finite elements for modeling axonal injury.", engrXiv

Research Projects

Honors and Awards

  • Shuman Early Career Professorship, Penn State University Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, 2013 - 2016
  • Presidential Early Career Awards for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE), The White House; Office of Science and Technology Policy, 2011

Service

Service to Penn State:

  • Committee Work, Liaison to Institute for CyberScience Department, 2017
  • Committee Work, Member, Activity Insight Faculty Users Committee, October 2017

Service to External Organizations:

  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Primary Organizer and Co-Chairperson of special symposium, "Computational Modeling of Morphogenesis: Friend or Foe?" at the annual meeting of American Association of Anatomists (AAA), May 2018
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Co-Organizer of "Multiscale Brain Mechanics: From Growth to Injury" Symposium at 18th U.S. National Congress for Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 2017
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Primary Organizer and Co-Chairperson of Damage Biomechanics Symposium at the 2018 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE), November 2017
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Primary Organizer and Co-Chairperson of Damage Biomechanics Symposium at the 2017 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE), November 2016 - November 2017
  • Organizing Conferences and Service on Conference Committees, Primary Organizer and Co-Chairperson of Damage Biomechanics Symposium at the 2016 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition (IMECE), November 2015 - November 2016
 


 

About

The Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering at Penn State is one of the nation’s largest and most successful engineering departments. We serve more than 1,000 undergraduate students and more than 330 graduate students

We offer B.S. degrees in mechanical engineering and nuclear engineering as well as resident (M.S., Ph.D.) and online (M.S., M.Eng.) graduate degrees in nuclear engineering and mechanical engineering. MNE's strength is in offering hands-on experience in highly relevant research areas, such as energy, homeland security, biomedical devices, and transportation systems.

Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering

137 Reber Building

The Pennsylvania State University

University Park, PA 16802-4400

Phone: 814-865-2519