Dr. Arthur T. Motta

138 Reber Building
University Park, PA 16802

(814) 865-0036


Curriculum Vitae | Arthur Moses Thompson Motta

Chair and Professor of Nuclear Engineering and Materials Science and Engineering
Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Pennsylvania State University
138 Reber Building, University Park, Pa 16802, Tel: 814-865-0036, Fax: 814-865-3250 atm2@psu.edu

See full CV attached here

B.Sc. Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 1980
M.Sc. Nuclear Engineering, COPPE/Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 1983
Ph.D. Nuclear Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, 1988
Research Interests
Radiation damage and environmental degradation of materials in nuclear power plants with an emphasis in zirconium alloys.
Work Experience
  • The Pennsylvania State University, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, Chair of Nuclear Engineering, 2010-present, Professor, 2003-present, Associate Professor, 1998-present, Assistant Professor, 1992-1998, Professor of Materials Science 2002-present.
  • Visiting Scientist, at the Service for Research on Applied Metallurgy. Centre d’Etudes Nucleaires, Saclay, France, 2003.
  • Visiting Scientist, Reactor Materials Division Research Branch, Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory, Chalk River Canada, 1994.
  • Visiting professor, Institute for Nuclear Energy Research, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1994.
  • Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Reactor Materials Division Research Branch, Chalk River Nuclear Laboratory, Chalk River Canada, 1991-1992
  • Research Fellow at the Service for Fuel Behavior Studies at the Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Grenoble, Grenoble, France, 1989-1991
  • Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Materials and Chemical Sciences Division at the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, 1989
Current and Recent Research Projects
  • "High Fidelity Ion Beam Simulation of High Dose Neutron Irradiation”, 2014- 2017, DOE-NEUP Integrated research Program, led by University of Michigan, Co-PI
  • "Analysis of Oxide Layers in Zircaloy-4 by using Synchrotron Radiation," Bettis Laboratories, 2013- 2017
  • "Advanced Accident-Tolerant Ceramic Coatings for Zr-alloy Cladding: The C^3 Project," DOE-Nuclear Energy University Programs Integrated Research program, 2013- 2016, led by UT-Knoxville, co-PI.
  • "In-situ Studies of Interfaces Under Extreme Environments," LDRD Brookhaven National Laboratory, January 2013-January 2015
  • "Microbeam Synchrotron Radiation Examination of Oxide Layers in Irradiated Zircaloy," 2012- 2015, EPRI-NFIR.
  • "Hydrogen Pickup Mechanism in Zirconium-Based Alloys A Collaborative University Study," EPRI and Westinghouse, 2011- 2014
  • "In-Situ Study of Hydride Reorientation and Fracture Behavior of Zirconium Alloys," NRC, in collaboration with Argonne National Laboratory, 2010-2014, Nuclear Regulatory Commission.
  • “Fundamental Studies of the Role of Grain Boundaries on Uniform Corrosion of Advanced Nuclear Reactor Materials”, in collaboration with University of Michigan and Drexel University, 2011-2014, DOE-Nuclear Energy University Programs.
  • “Anisotropic Azimuthal Power and Temperature Distribution on Fuel rod: impact on hydride distribution,” in collaboration with K. Ivanov and M. Avramova, 2011-2014, DOE-Nuclear Energy University Programs.
  • “Understanding the Irradiation Behavior of Zirconium Carbide”, in collaboration with the University of Wisconsin, Madison, 2010-2013, DOE-Nuclear Energy University Programs.
  • “Microstructure and Property Evolution in Advanced Cladding and Duct Materials Under Long-Term and Elevated Temperature Irradiation: Modeling and Simulation” in collaboration with the University of Tennessee Knoxville, 2010-2013, DOE-Nuclear Energy University Programs.
  • “Measurement of Residual Stresses and Phases in Zircaloy-4 samples by Advanced Photon Source,” Bechtel Bettis, 2009-2012
  • “Cladding and Structural Materials for Advanced Reactor Systems”, in collaboration with University of Michigan and others, DOE-Nuclear Energy Research Initiative-Consortium, 2007-2010
  • “Materials World Network: Kinetics of hydride precipitation near a crack tip in zirconium”, in collaboration with Mark Daymond, Queens University and J. Santisteban and P. Vizcaino CNEA (argentina), National Science Foundation, 2007-2010
  • “Mechanisms of Void Swelling Suppression in Model Stainless Steels Studied with In-situ Ion Irradiation and Computer Simulation”, funded by Argonne National Laboratory. 2007-2008
  • “Temperature Dependence of Mechanical Properties of Hydrided Zircaloy”, in collaboration with Don Koss, funded by NRC, 2006-2008
  • “Phase Stability Under Irradiation of Precipitates in Model alloys and in ODS alloys Relevant for GenIV,” in collaboration with ANL and CEA, funded by DOE, 2004-2007
  • "Improving Corrosion Behavior in SCWR, LFR and VHTR Reactor Materials by Formation of a Stable Oxide”, DOE-Nuclear Eneergy Research Initiative, March 2006-March 2009
  • “Mechanistic Understanding of Failure of Hydrided Zircaloy under Severe Loading Conditions,” in collaboration with Don Koss and CEA, funded by Nuclear Regulatory Commission (2004-2007)
  • “Advanced Corrosion Resistant Zr Alloys for High Burnup and Generation IV Applications”, in collaboration with KAERI (Korea) Westinghouse, and University of Michigan, DOE/MOST, International-NERI Program (ROK-US), 2003-2006
Recent Invited Talks
  • "Effect of Alloying Elements on Corrosion and Hydrogen Pickup of Zr alloys", Invited Presentation at the Symposium on Materials for Energy, Materials Science and Technology Conference and Exhibition, Montreal Canada, October 2013.
  • "Evolution of Nuclear Fuel Material," A.T. Motta and L. Hallstadius, TopFuel Invited presentation, Manchester UK, September 2012
  • "Effects of Reactor Exposure on Nuclear Fuel Cladding" , Invited Presentation at the II Semana de Engenharia Nuclear (2nd Nuclear Engineering Week), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 8/2012
  • “Hydride precipitation and reorientation in Zirconium Alloy Nuclear Fuel Cladding,” Invited Talk, Seminar Series Advanced Photon Source, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Chicago, December 2, 2011.
  • “Hydrogen Pickup Mechanism: Hypothesis,” Presentation at MUZIC-2 Workshop, Imperial College, London, England, November, 2011.
  • “Zirconium Alloy Oxide Structure studied using Microbeam Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction and Fluorescence,” Invited talk at, TMS meeting Symposium on Characterization of Nuclear Materials using Synchrotron Radiation, San Diego, 2011
  • “Corrosion and Hydriding in Nuclear Fuel Cladding,” Invited Presentation at Department of Materials Science, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey, May 15, 2011.
  • “Materials for the Exterme Environment Found in Nuclear Reactors,” Invited Presentation at Department of Materials Science, Middle Eastern Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, May 16, 2011.
  • “Effects of Reactor Exposure on Nuclear Fuel Cladding,” Keynote Lecture, Department of Energy IMIR-1 "Innovative Materials Immune to Irradiation", Vail, CO, August 2010.
  • “Materials Needs for Nuclear Fuel Cladding”, Invited Panel talk, Nuclear Energy Emerging Technologies, DOE, Washington, DC, July 2010.
  • “Effects of Reactor Exposure on Zr Alloy Nuclear Fuel Cladding”, Invited plenary talk at 2nd International Workshop on Degradation in Metallic Materials, COPPE, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2010.
  • “Materials for the Extreme Environments Found in Nuclear Power Reactors", Invited talk at 2nd DEMAT: International Workshop on Degradation in Metallic Materials, COPPE, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2010.
  • "Hydrogen Pickup in Zirconium Alloys", Invited presentation at the Westinghouse/Manchester University Sponsored Workshop: Mechanistic understanding of hydrogen pickup in Zr", Manchester, UK, April 15-16, 2010.
  • "Materials for the Extreme Environments Found in Nuclear Power Reactors", Plenary Talk, Penn State University Materials Day, March 2010.
  • "Vingt Ans Aprés: Evolution de la Recherche sur le Zirconium", Invited presentation at Clement Lemaignan Retirement Commemoration, Saclay, France, September 2010.
  • "Zirconium Alloys in Nuclear Power Plants" . Invited talk presented at the Symposium on Materials for Nuclear Power Generation, 11th ICAM Meeting and VIII SBPMat, Rio de Janeiro, September 2009.
  • "Corrosion and Hydriding in Nuclear Alloys Studied with Synchrotron Radiation" (presented by D. Kaoumi), Invited Presentation, Idaho National Laboratory Workshop on Synchrotron Radiation, June 2009.
  • "Light-Water Reactor (LWR) Cladding: Basic Research Needs on Irradiation Effects", invited presentation at Oak Ridge National Laboratory Workshop on National Irradiation User Facility, April 2009
Reviewing and Editorial
  • Associate Editor for Nuclear Technology, Journal of ASTM International, 2006-2012.
  • Editorial Board of Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2001-present.
  • Editorial Board for Nuclear Engineering and Technology, 2006-present
  • Guest Editor of Journal of Nuclear Materials vol.270 special issue in honor of Donald R. Olander, wrote foreword p.v-viii, April 1998.
  • Member of Committee of French National Academy of Sciences to review Electrcite de France Laboratories, Moret-sur-Loing, France, April 2011.
  • Reviewer for various journals, including Journal of Nuclear Materials, Journal of Applied Physics, Applied Physics Letters, Acta Materialia, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Nuclear Engineering and Design, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Journal of ASTM international, Journal of Materials Science.
  • Proposal Reviewer for the National Science Foundation (Division of Materials Research) and the Department of Energy (Nuclear Engineering Research Initiative, Basic Energy Sciences, Nuclear Energy University Programs, Nuclear Engineering Education Research and Fusion Research), 1995-present.
  • Reviewer for various ASTM conferences, including the 10th and 11th International Symposium on Reactor Dosimetry, the 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th International Symposia on Zr in the Nuclear Industry and the 14th, 15th and 20th Radiation Effects on Materials. Also reviewed papers for various ANS, NACE, TMS and MRS Conferences.
Professional Activities
  • Member of National Academy of Sciences Committee on “Lessons Learned from the Fukushima Accident and Implications for US Nuclear Power Plants” 2012-2014
  • Member of Committee of French National Academy of Sciences to review Electricite de France Laboratories, Paris, France, April 2011.
  • Member of American Nuclear Society Special Committee on Fukushima on Safety Implications, Member, 2011-2012.
  • External Board Member XMAT (Extreme Materials Beamline at APS) Initiative Argonne National Laboratory, 2013 - Present
  • Special Member of CEA/Direction of Nuclear Energy Scientific Committee for External Review of LWR Research and Related Experimental Facilities, Saclay, France, 2013
  • Organizing Committee, Materials Research Society Fall meeting, Symposium on Radiation Effects on Insulators, Boston, MA, 2010
  • Scientific committee, ANS TopFuel Conference, Orlando Florida, September 2010.
  • Symposium Chair and Organizer, “Nuclear Power: Back on the Table”, The Pennsylvania State University, October 2009.
  • External Advisory Board, University of Michigan, Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences program, 2009-present.
  • President and Member of Jury, PhD Thesis Defense, Ecole de Mines de Paris, France, 2012, A. Hellouin de Menibus, "Formation de blisters d'hydrures et effet sur la rupture de gaines en Zircaloy-4 en conditions d'accident d'injection de réactivité".
  • Member of NEEDS-Materiaux, Scientific committee for Evaluation of Proposals, CEA and ANDRA 2012-present
Current Professional Society Membership
  • American Society for Testing Materials, ASTM
  • The Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, TMS
  • American Nuclear Society
  • Materials Research Society
Honors and Awards
  • Outstanding Research Award, Penn State Engineering Alumni Society, June 2012
  • 2010 Outstanding Achievement Award, Materials Science and Technology Division (MSTD) of the American Nuclear Society (ANS) “pioneering work on oxidation of zirconium alloys including the use of synchrotron x-rays”.
  • Best Poster Award Embedded Topical on Nuclear Fuel and Structural Materials at the American Nuclear Society Annual Meeting, for poster Transmission Electron Microscopy of Oxide Development on 9Cr ODS in Supercritical Water", A.Siwy, T.Clark and A.T.Motta, Anaheim CA, June 2008."
  • Best Poster Award Gordon Research Conference on High Temperature Corrosion, New London NH—Aylin Yilmazbayhan, "High Temperature Oxides Formed on Model Zirconium Alloys Studied Using Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction" (July 2005)
  • Outstanding Advising Award, Penn State Engineering Society, College of Engineering, 2001.
  • Department Head’s Outstanding Faculty Member Award, Department of Mechanical and Nuclear Engineering, 1998-1999.
  • John Schemel Award for best paper at the 10th International Symposium on Zirconium in the Nuclear Industry, Baltimore 1993, for paper "Oxidation of Intermetallic Precipitates in Zircaloy".
Book Chapters
  • Lemaignan, C. and A.T. Motta, "Zirconium Alloys in Nuclear Applications," book chapter in Vol. 10 (Nuclear Materials) ed. B.R.T. Frost, of "Materials Science and Technology" series, R.W. Cahn, P. Haasen, E.J. Kramer, eds., VCH 1994, 1-51.
  • T. R. Allen, R. J. M. Konings, and A. T. Motta, "Corrosion of Zirconium Alloys," Book Chapter in Comprehensive Nuclear Materials, R. Konings, Ed.: Elsevier, 2012, vol 5, 49-68.
Selected Recent Publications
  1. K. B. Colas, A. T. Motta, J. D. Almer, M. R. Daymond, M. Kerr, A. D. Banchik, P. Vizcaino, and J. R. Santisteban, "In situ study of hydride precipitation kinetics and re-orientation in Zircaloy using synchrotron radiation," Acta Materialia 58 (2010) 6575-6583.
  2. Kimberly B. Colas, Arthur T. Motta, Mark R. Daymond, Matthew Kerr, and Jonathan D. Almer, “Hydride Platelet Reorientation in Zircaloy Studied with Synchrotron Radiation Diffraction,” Journal of ASTM International, Vol. 8, No. 1 (2010) paper ID JAI103033.
  3. Jeremy Bischoff, Arthur T. Motta, Chad Eichfeld, Robert J. Comstock, Guoping Cao, Todd R. Allen, “Corrosion of Ferritic‐Martensitic Steels in Steam and Supercritical Water,” Nuclear Fuels and Structural Materials, 2011, Journal of Nuclear Materials, accepted.
  4. Bisor-Melloul, C., Tupin, M., P.Bossis, J.Chene, J.L.Bechade, A.Motta, “Understanding of Hydriding Mechanisms during Corrosion in PWR Simulated Conditions and Influence of Zirconium Hydrides on Corrosion”, Revue Génerale Nucléaire, 2011 (2) March-April, pp.111-116
  5. A. Couet, A. T. Motta, R. J. Comstock, and R. L. Paul, "Cold neutron prompt gamma activation analysis, a non-destructive technique for hydrogen level assessment in zirconium alloys," Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 425, Issues 1–3, June 2012, pp. 211-217.
  6. A. T. Motta, "Waterside Corrosion in Zirconium Alloys," Journal of Metals, 63 (2011) p.59-63.
  7. C. Topbasi, A.T.Motta and M.Kirk, In Situ Study of Heavy Ion Induced Radiation Damage in NF616 (P92) Alloy , Journal of Nuclear Materials, 425, Issues (1–3), 2012, pp. 48-53
  8. A. T. Motta and L.-Q. Chen, "Hydride formation in Zirconium Alloys," Journal of Metals 64 (2012) 1403-1408.
  9. K.B. Colas, A.T. Motta, M.R. Daymond, J. D. Almer, “Effect of thermo-mechanical cycling on zirconium hydride reorientation studied in situ with synchrotron X-ray diffraction,” Journal of Nuclear Materials 440 (2013) 586-595.
  10. Y.Dong, A. T. Motta, E. A. Marquis, “Atom probe tomography study of alloying element distributions in Zr alloys and their oxides,” Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442, Issues 1–3, November 2013, Pages 270-281.
  11. J. Bischoff, A. T. Motta, C. Eichfeld, R. J. Comstock, G. Cao, and T. R. Allen, "Corrosion of ferritic-martensitic steels in steam and supercritical water," Journal of Nuclear Materials, 2013, 441, Issues 1–3, October 2013, 604-611.
  12. B. de Gabory and A.T. Motta, “Structure of Zircaloy 4 Oxides Formed during Autoclave Corrosion”, ANS LWR Fuel Performance Meeting, TopFuel 2013, September 2013, Charlotte, NC, paper #8584.